Cheyenne has long been the “hub” of the ICBM peacekeeping mission of the US Air Force. The history and contributions to the local economy and world peacekeeping mission of the US Intercontinental Ballistic Missile program is being recognized with the grand opening of a historic facility – “Quebec 01” – the State Historic Site. The US ICM peacekeeping program was instrumental in the winning of the “Cold War.”
The grand opening celebration weekend for the Quebec 01 State Historic Site was, August 17-18 from 8:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.
The site offers exhibits on the history of the site, the Peacekeeper Missile and the end of the Cold War. Self-guided tours of the topside facility and guided tours of the capsule are available every 30 minutes.
Reservations can be made in advance at firstname.lastname@example.org or calling 307-422-3425. Reservations are encouraged as only 12 people per tour are allowed in the capsule. Reservations of up to 6 people per tour may be made in advance.
The Peacekeeper system was decommissioned in 2005 to meet Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) limits on operationally deployed warheads.
The last Peacekeeper was removed from alert on September 19, 2005, and the 400th Missile Squadron was deactivated.
Under the terms of the Treaty they were allowed to keep one Missile Alert Facility (MAF) for interpretative and educational purposes. It is through the efforts of the Wyoming State Legislature and Gov. Matt Mead that the Quebec 01 State Historic Site is possible.
Wyoming Legislators approved one-time funding to acquire and provide limited site improvements, interpretation and start-up costs in the amount of $175, 000.
The Quebec #1 site provides not only an opportunity to interpret the Cold War and the role of FE Warren Air Force base in the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile System, but also demonstrates to the public what everyday life was like for missileers.
The ground floor includes a self-guided tour of the living quarters, where security forces, a chef and a facility manager lived when not on shift. Missileers had “24 hour alerts” in the capsule, 50 feet below ground. Missileers would pull alert up to 8 times in a month.
Tour guides will escort visitors down a freight elevator to the capsule. This tour is approximately 30 minutes and provides a better understanding of the control center and communications system. A self-guided tour of the grounds demonstrates how unassuming the facility is and how easily it was able to hide in plain sight. The remote location also played into the psyche of those who were stationed at the facility. Donations are being accepted in the form of cash and artifacts, newspaper articles, images or other memorabilia from the time period when Q01 was active.
Quebec 01 is located west off of I-25 at Exit 39.
Quebec 01 Facts in Information:
In 1962, Quebec 01 was constructed as a Minuteman I Launch Control site.
In 1986, Quebec 01 was converted to a Peacekeeper site.
Quebec 01 Missile Alert Facility (MAF) was part of five flights of Peacekeeper Missile Alert Facilities in the 400th Missile Squadron.
Each MAF controlled ten nuclear missiles.
Each nuclear missile was outfitted with ten nuclear warheads.
Each warhead carried about a third of a megaton of explosive power. In comparison, the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima was just 5 tons.
Advanced technology allowed the US to deliver missiles within half a mile of their target after traveling thousands of miles through the atmosphere and space. They carried the first recognizably modern on-board computer guidance systems and were placed in silos, the bottoms of which are about 170 feet below the ground surface. The missiles were approximately 71 feet long, 92 inches in diameter and weighed 195,000 pounds.